Shackleton and the Endurance Expedition
Issue Date: Thursday 7th January 2016Described as ‘The Greatest Survival Story of All Time’ by Sir Edmund Hillary, the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition led by Ernest Shackleton is regarded as the last of the heroic expeditions of the polar regions.
During an attempt to be the first to cross Antarctica, Shackleton and his crew were 80 miles from their destination when their vessel, Endurance, became stuck in sea ice and after four months was crushed. All 28 men were left stranded, drifting on the ice for another six months, having dragged three boats and provisions from the ship.
As the ice started to break up, Shackleton ordered the boats to set sail to find the uninhabited Elephant Island, which they eventually reached. With no hope of rescue, Shackleton modified one of the boats with an improvised mast and sail and selected five of his crew. They navigated 800 miles of notoriously treacherous Southern Ocean to find South Georgia (the most remote outpost of the British Empire).
Despite appalling cold, they eventually landed on South Georgia, after one of the most celebrated feats of navigation of all time. However, they landed on the uninhabited south side of the island. A final 36-hour non-stop trek across glaciers and mountains led Shackleton to the nearest human outpost.
He reached this whaling station almost one year after they left the ice. He then organised expeditions to rescue the remainder of his crew, which occurred in 1916. The voyage, which was recorded by pioneering photographer Frank Hurley, made Shackleton one of the most celebrated sailors and leaders of all time.
Hurley’s photography is regarded as ground-breaking, and the stamp issue uses these to tell the chronological story of the voyage, survival and rescue.
Number of stamps: Eight
Design: Robert Maude and Sarah Davies
Acknowledgements: entering the Antarctic ice, Endurance frozen in pack ice, safe arrival at Elephant Island, setting out for South Georgia and rescue of Endurance crew © Royal Geographical Society (with IBG); striving to free Endurance, trapped in a pressure crack and Patience Camp © Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge
Stamp Format : Over-Square Landscape
Stamp Size: 37 (w) x 35(h) mm
Number Per Sheet: 30/60
Printer : International Security Printers
Print Process: Lithography
Perforations: 14 x 14.5
Phosphor: Bars as appropriate